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2016-10-04powerpc: tm: Rename transct_(*) to ck(\1)_stateCyril Bur1-6/+6
Make the structures being used for checkpointed state named consistently with the pt_regs/ckpt_regs. Signed-off-by: Cyril Bur <cyrilbur@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2016-10-04powerpc: tm: Always use fp_state and vr_state to store live registersCyril Bur1-44/+50
There is currently an inconsistency as to how the entire CPU register state is saved and restored when a thread uses transactional memory (TM). Using transactional memory results in the CPU having duplicated (almost) all of its register state. This duplication results in a set of registers which can be considered 'live', those being currently modified by the instructions being executed and another set that is frozen at a point in time. On context switch, both sets of state have to be saved and (later) restored. These two states are often called a variety of different things. Common terms for the state which only exists after the CPU has entered a transaction (performed a TBEGIN instruction) in hardware are 'transactional' or 'speculative'. Between a TBEGIN and a TEND or TABORT (or an event that causes the hardware to abort), regardless of the use of TSUSPEND the transactional state can be referred to as the live state. The second state is often to referred to as the 'checkpointed' state and is a duplication of the live state when the TBEGIN instruction is executed. This state is kept in the hardware and will be rolled back to on transaction failure. Currently all the registers stored in pt_regs are ALWAYS the live registers, that is, when a thread has transactional registers their values are stored in pt_regs and the checkpointed state is in ckpt_regs. A strange opposite is true for fp_state/vr_state. When a thread is non transactional fp_state/vr_state holds the live registers. When a thread has initiated a transaction fp_state/vr_state holds the checkpointed state and transact_fp/transact_vr become the structure which holds the live state (at this point it is a transactional state). This method creates confusion as to where the live state is, in some circumstances it requires extra work to determine where to put the live state and prevents the use of common functions designed (probably before TM) to save the live state. With this patch pt_regs, fp_state and vr_state all represent the same thing and the other structures [pending rename] are for checkpointed state. Acked-by: Simon Guo <wei.guo.simon@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Cyril Bur <cyrilbur@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2016-07-15powerpc/tm: Fix stack pointer corruption in __tm_recheckpoint()Michael Neuling1-2/+1
At the start of __tm_recheckpoint() we save the kernel stack pointer (r1) in SPRG SCRATCH0 (SPRG2) so that we can restore it after the trecheckpoint. Unfortunately, the same SPRG is used in the SLB miss handler. If an SLB miss is taken between the save and restore of r1 to the SPRG, the SPRG is changed and hence r1 is also corrupted. We can end up with the following crash when we start using r1 again after the restore from the SPRG: Oops: Bad kernel stack pointer, sig: 6 [#1] SMP NR_CPUS=2048 NUMA pSeries CPU: 658 PID: 143777 Comm: htm_demo Tainted: G EL X 4.4.13-0-default #1 task: c0000b56993a7810 ti: c00000000cfec000 task.ti: c0000b56993bc000 NIP: c00000000004f188 LR: 00000000100040b8 CTR: 0000000010002570 REGS: c00000000cfefd40 TRAP: 0300 Tainted: G EL X (4.4.13-0-default) MSR: 8000000300001033 <SF,ME,IR,DR,RI,LE> CR: 02000424 XER: 20000000 CFAR: c000000000008468 DAR: 00003ffd84e66880 DSISR: 40000000 SOFTE: 0 PACATMSCRATCH: 00003ffbc865e680 GPR00: fffffffcfabc4268 00003ffd84e667a0 00000000100d8c38 000000030544bb80 GPR04: 0000000000000002 00000000100cf200 0000000000000449 00000000100cf100 GPR08: 000000000000c350 0000000000002569 0000000000002569 00000000100d6c30 GPR12: 00000000100d6c28 c00000000e6a6b00 00003ffd84660000 0000000000000000 GPR16: 0000000000000003 0000000000000449 0000000010002570 0000010009684f20 GPR20: 0000000000800000 00003ffd84e5f110 00003ffd84e5f7a0 00000000100d0f40 GPR24: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 00003ffff0673f50 GPR28: 00003ffd84e5e960 00000000003d0f00 00003ffd84e667a0 00003ffd84e5e680 NIP [c00000000004f188] restore_gprs+0x110/0x17c LR [00000000100040b8] 0x100040b8 Call Trace: Instruction dump: f8a1fff0 e8e700a8 38a00000 7ca10164 e8a1fff8 e821fff0 7c0007dd 7c421378 7db142a6 7c3242a6 38800002 7c810164 <e9c100e0> e9e100e8 ea0100f0 ea2100f8 We hit this on large memory machines (> 2TB) but it can also be hit on smaller machines when 1TB segments are disabled. To hit this, you also need to be virtualised to ensure SLBs are periodically removed by the hypervisor. This patches moves the saving of r1 to the SPRG to the region where we are guaranteed not to take any further SLB misses. Fixes: 98ae22e15b43 ("powerpc: Add helper functions for transactional memory context switching") Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # v3.9+ Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Acked-by: Cyril Bur <cyrilbur@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2016-06-29powerpc/tm: Avoid SLB faults in treclaim/trecheckpoint when RI=0Michael Neuling1-17/+44
Currently we have 2 segments that are bolted for the kernel linear mapping (ie 0xc000... addresses). This is 0 to 1TB and also the kernel stacks. Anything accessed outside of these regions may need to be faulted in. (In practice machines with TM always have 1T segments) If a machine has < 2TB of memory we never fault on the kernel linear mapping as these two segments cover all physical memory. If a machine has > 2TB of memory, there may be structures outside of these two segments that need to be faulted in. This faulting can occur when running as a guest as the hypervisor may remove any SLB that's not bolted. When we treclaim and trecheckpoint we have a window where we need to run with the userspace GPRs. This means that we no longer have a valid stack pointer in r1. For this window we therefore clear MSR RI to indicate that any exceptions taken at this point won't be able to be handled. This means that we can't take segment misses in this RI=0 window. In this RI=0 region, we currently access the thread_struct for the process being context switched to or from. This thread_struct access may cause a segment fault since it's not guaranteed to be covered by the two bolted segment entries described above. We've seen this with a crash when running as a guest with > 2TB of memory on PowerVM: Unrecoverable exception 4100 at c00000000004f138 Oops: Unrecoverable exception, sig: 6 [#1] SMP NR_CPUS=2048 NUMA pSeries CPU: 1280 PID: 7755 Comm: kworker/1280:1 Tainted: G X 4.4.13-46-default #1 task: c000189001df4210 ti: c000189001d5c000 task.ti: c000189001d5c000 NIP: c00000000004f138 LR: 0000000010003a24 CTR: 0000000010001b20 REGS: c000189001d5f730 TRAP: 4100 Tainted: G X (4.4.13-46-default) MSR: 8000000100001031 <SF,ME,IR,DR,LE> CR: 24000048 XER: 00000000 CFAR: c00000000004ed18 SOFTE: 0 GPR00: ffffffffc58d7b60 c000189001d5f9b0 00000000100d7d00 000000003a738288 GPR04: 0000000000002781 0000000000000006 0000000000000000 c0000d1f4d889620 GPR08: 000000000000c350 00000000000008ab 00000000000008ab 00000000100d7af0 GPR12: 00000000100d7ae8 00003ffe787e67a0 0000000000000000 0000000000000211 GPR16: 0000000010001b20 0000000000000000 0000000000800000 00003ffe787df110 GPR20: 0000000000000001 00000000100d1e10 0000000000000000 00003ffe787df050 GPR24: 0000000000000003 0000000000010000 0000000000000000 00003fffe79e2e30 GPR28: 00003fffe79e2e68 00000000003d0f00 00003ffe787e67a0 00003ffe787de680 NIP [c00000000004f138] restore_gprs+0xd0/0x16c LR [0000000010003a24] 0x10003a24 Call Trace: [c000189001d5f9b0] [c000189001d5f9f0] 0xc000189001d5f9f0 (unreliable) [c000189001d5fb90] [c00000000001583c] tm_recheckpoint+0x6c/0xa0 [c000189001d5fbd0] [c000000000015c40] __switch_to+0x2c0/0x350 [c000189001d5fc30] [c0000000007e647c] __schedule+0x32c/0x9c0 [c000189001d5fcb0] [c0000000007e6b58] schedule+0x48/0xc0 [c000189001d5fce0] [c0000000000deabc] worker_thread+0x22c/0x5b0 [c000189001d5fd80] [c0000000000e7000] kthread+0x110/0x130 [c000189001d5fe30] [c000000000009538] ret_from_kernel_thread+0x5c/0xa4 Instruction dump: 7cb103a6 7cc0e3a6 7ca222a6 78a58402 38c00800 7cc62838 08860000 7cc000a6 38a00006 78c60022 7cc62838 0b060000 <e8c701a0> 7ccff120 e8270078 e8a70098 ---[ end trace 602126d0a1dedd54 ]--- This fixes this by copying the required data from the thread_struct to the stack before we clear MSR RI. Then once we clear RI, we only access the stack, guaranteeing there's no segment miss. We also tighten the region over which we set RI=0 on the treclaim() path. This may have a slight performance impact since we're adding an mtmsr instruction. Fixes: 090b9284d725 ("powerpc/tm: Clear MSR RI in non-recoverable TM code") Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Reviewed-by: Cyril Bur <cyrilbur@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2015-06-07powerpc/kernel: Rename PACA_DSCR to PACA_DSCR_DEFAULTAnshuman Khandual1-2/+2
PACA_DSCR offset macro tracks dscr_default element in the paca structure. Better change the name of this macro to match that of the data element it tracks. Makes the code more readable. Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2015-03-16powerpc: Change vrX register defines to vX to match gcc and glibcAnton Blanchard1-4/+4
As our various loops (copy, string, crypto etc) get more complicated, we want to share implementations between userspace (eg glibc) and the kernel. We also want to write userspace test harnesses to put in tools/testing/selftest. One gratuitous difference between userspace and the kernel is the VMX register definitions - the kernel uses vrX whereas both gcc and glibc use vX. Change the kernel to match userspace. Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
2014-05-28powerpc: Fix regression of per-CPU DSCR settingSam bobroff1-12/+4
Since commit "efcac65 powerpc: Per process DSCR + some fixes (try#4)" it is no longer possible to set the DSCR on a per-CPU basis. The old behaviour was to minipulate the DSCR SPR directly but this is no longer sufficient: the value is quickly overwritten by context switching. This patch stores the per-CPU DSCR value in a kernel variable rather than directly in the SPR and it is used whenever a process has not set the DSCR itself. The sysfs interface (/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuN/dscr) is unchanged. Writes to the old global default (/sys/devices/system/cpu/dscr_default) now set all of the per-CPU values and reads return the last written value. The new per-CPU default is added to the paca_struct and is used everywhere outside of sysfs.c instead of the old global default. Signed-off-by: Sam Bobroff <sam.bobroff@au1.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2014-05-05Merge remote-tracking branch 'anton/abiv2' into nextBenjamin Herrenschmidt1-7/+6
This series adds support for building the powerpc 64-bit LE kernel using the new ABI v2. We already supported running ABI v2 userspace programs but this adds support for building the kernel itself using the new ABI.
2014-04-28powerpc/tm: Add checking to treclaim/trechkptMichael Neuling1-3/+35
If we do a treclaim and we are not in TM suspend mode, it results in a TM bad thing (ie. a 0x700 program check). Similarly if we do a trechkpt and we have an active transaction or TEXASR Failure Summary (FS) is not set, we also take a TM bad thing. This should never happen, but if it does (ie. a kernel bug), the cause is almost impossible to debug as the GPR state is mostly userspace and hence we don't get a call chain. This adds some checks in these cases case a BUG_ON() (in asm) in case we ever hit these cases. It moves the register saving around to preserve r1 till later also. Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2014-04-28powerpc/tm: Remove unnecessary r1 saveMichael Neuling1-2/+0
We save r1 to the scratch SPR and restore it from there after the trechkpt so saving r1 to the paca is not needed. Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2014-04-23powerpc/tm: Fix GOT save offset for ABIv2Anton Blanchard1-4/+4
The r2 TOC/GOT save offset is 40 on ABIv1 and 24 on ABIv2. Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org>
2014-04-23powerpc/tm: Use STK_PARAMAnton Blanchard1-3/+2
Get rid of the tm specific STACK_PARAM and use STK_PARAM Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org>
2014-04-07powerpc/tm: Disable IRQ in tm_recheckpointMichael Neuling1-1/+1
We can't take an IRQ when we're about to do a trechkpt as our GPR state is set to user GPR values. We've hit this when running some IBM Java stress tests in the lab resulting in the following dump: cpu 0x3f: Vector: 700 (Program Check) at [c000000007eb3d40] pc: c000000000050074: restore_gprs+0xc0/0x148 lr: 00000000b52a8184 sp: ac57d360 msr: 8000000100201030 current = 0xc00000002c500000 paca = 0xc000000007dbfc00 softe: 0 irq_happened: 0x00 pid = 34535, comm = Pooled Thread # R00 = 00000000b52a8184 R16 = 00000000b3e48fda R01 = 00000000ac57d360 R17 = 00000000ade79bd8 R02 = 00000000ac586930 R18 = 000000000fac9bcc R03 = 00000000ade60000 R19 = 00000000ac57f930 R04 = 00000000f6624918 R20 = 00000000ade79be8 R05 = 00000000f663f238 R21 = 00000000ac218a54 R06 = 0000000000000002 R22 = 000000000f956280 R07 = 0000000000000008 R23 = 000000000000007e R08 = 000000000000000a R24 = 000000000000000c R09 = 00000000b6e69160 R25 = 00000000b424cf00 R10 = 0000000000000181 R26 = 00000000f66256d4 R11 = 000000000f365ec0 R27 = 00000000b6fdcdd0 R12 = 00000000f66400f0 R28 = 0000000000000001 R13 = 00000000ada71900 R29 = 00000000ade5a300 R14 = 00000000ac2185a8 R30 = 00000000f663f238 R15 = 0000000000000004 R31 = 00000000f6624918 pc = c000000000050074 restore_gprs+0xc0/0x148 cfar= c00000000004fe28 dont_restore_vec+0x1c/0x1a4 lr = 00000000b52a8184 msr = 8000000100201030 cr = 24804888 ctr = 0000000000000000 xer = 0000000000000000 trap = 700 This moves tm_recheckpoint to a C function and moves the tm_restore_sprs into that function. It then adds IRQ disabling over the trechkpt critical section. It also sets the TEXASR FS in the signals code to ensure this is never set now that we explictly write the TM sprs in tm_recheckpoint. Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2013-10-30powerpc: Use 32 bit loads and stores when operating on condition register valuesAnton Blanchard1-4/+4
The condition register (CR) is a 32 bit quantity so we should use 32 bit loads and stores. Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2013-10-11powerpc: Put FP/VSX and VR state into structuresPaul Mackerras1-19/+22
This creates new 'thread_fp_state' and 'thread_vr_state' structures to store FP/VSX state (including FPSCR) and Altivec/VSX state (including VSCR), and uses them in the thread_struct. In the thread_fp_state, the FPRs and VSRs are represented as u64 rather than double, since we rarely perform floating-point computations on the values, and this will enable the structures to be used in KVM code as well. Similarly FPSCR is now a u64 rather than a structure of two 32-bit values. This takes the offsets out of the macros such as SAVE_32FPRS, REST_32FPRS, etc. This enables the same macros to be used for normal and transactional state, enabling us to delete the transactional versions of the macros. This also removes the unused do_load_up_fpu and do_load_up_altivec, which were in fact buggy since they didn't create large enough stack frames to account for the fact that load_up_fpu and load_up_altivec are not designed to be called from C and assume that their caller's stack frame is an interrupt frame. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2013-10-03powerpc/tm: Switch out userspace PPR and DSCR soonerMichael Neuling1-31/+63
When we do a treclaim or trecheckpoint we end up running with userspace PPR and DSCR values. Currently we don't do anything special to avoid running with user values which could cause a severe performance degradation. This patch moves the PPR and DSCR save and restore around treclaim and trecheckpoint so that we run with user values for a much shorter period. More care is taken with the PPR as it's impact is greater than the DSCR. This is similar to user exceptions, where we run HTM_MEDIUM early to ensure that we don't run with a userspace PPR values in the kernel. Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # 3.9+ Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2013-10-03powerpc/tm: Turn interrupts hard off in tm_reclaim()Michael Neuling1-0/+1
We can't take IRQs in tm_reclaim as we might have a bogus r13 and r1. This turns IRQs hard off in this function. Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # 3.9+ Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2013-08-27Merge branch 'merge' into nextBenjamin Herrenschmidt1-0/+20
Merge stuff that already went into Linus via "merge" which are pre-reqs for subsequent patches
2013-08-14powerpc: Fix VRSAVE handlingPaul Mackerras1-2/+2
Since 2002, the kernel has not saved VRSAVE on exception entry and restored it on exit; rather, VRSAVE gets context-switched in _switch. This means that when executing in process context in the kernel, the userspace VRSAVE value is live in the VRSAVE register. However, the signal code assumes that current->thread.vrsave holds the current VRSAVE value, which is incorrect. Therefore, this commit changes it to use the actual VRSAVE register instead. (It still uses current->thread.vrsave as a temporary location to store it in, as __get_user and __put_user can only transfer to/from a variable, not an SPR.) This also modifies the transactional memory code to save and restore VRSAVE regardless of whether VMX is enabled in the MSR. This is because accesses to VRSAVE are not controlled by the MSR.VEC bit, but can happen at any time. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2013-08-09powerpc/tm: Fix context switching TAR, PPR and DSCR SPRsMichael Neuling1-0/+20
If a transaction is rolled back, the Target Address Register (TAR), Processor Priority Register (PPR) and Data Stream Control Register (DSCR) should be restored to the checkpointed values before the transaction began. Any changes to these SPRs inside the transaction should not be visible in the abort handler. Currently Linux doesn't save or restore the checkpointed TAR, PPR or DSCR. If we preempt a processes inside a transaction which has modified any of these, on process restore, that same transaction may be aborted we but we won't see the checkpointed versions of these SPRs. This adds checkpointed versions of these SPRs to the thread_struct and adds the save/restore of these three SPRs to the treclaim/trechkpt code. Without this if any of these SPRs are modified during a transaction, users may incorrectly see a speculated SPR value even if the transaction is aborted. Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [v3.10] Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2013-06-30powerpc/tm: Clear MSR RI in non-recoverable TM codeMichael Neuling1-2/+16
When we treclaim and trecheckpoint there's an unavoidable period when r1 will not be a valid kernel stack pointer. This patch clears the MSR recoverable interrupt (RI) bit over these regions to indicate we have an invalid kernel stack pointer. For treclaim, the region over which we clear MSR RI is larger than required to avoid the need for an extra costly mtmsrd. Thanks to Paulus for suggesting this change. Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2013-04-10powerpc: fix compiling CONFIG_PPC_TRANSACTIONAL_MEM when CONFIG_ALTIVEC=nMichael Neuling1-0/+2
We can't compile a kernel with CONFIG_ALTIVEC=n when CONFIG_PPC_TRANSACTIONAL_MEM=y. We currently get: arch/powerpc/kernel/tm.S:320: Error: unsupported relocation against THREAD_VSCR arch/powerpc/kernel/tm.S:323: Error: unsupported relocation against THREAD_VR0 arch/powerpc/kernel/tm.S:323: Error: unsupported relocation against THREAD_VR0 etc. The below fixes this with a sprinkling of #ifdefs. This was found by mpe with kisskb: http://kisskb.ellerman.id.au/kisskb/buildresult/8539442/ Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
2013-02-15powerpc: Add helper functions for transactional memory context switchingMichael Neuling1-0/+388
Here we add the helper functions to be used when context switching. These allow us to fully reclaim and recheckpoint a transaction. We introduce a new paca field called tm_scratch to help us store away register values when doing the low level tm reclaim register save. Signed-off-by: Matt Evans <matt@ozlabs.org> Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>